For the first time in a decade, Cook County is not mentioned in the American Tort Reform Association's annual "Judicial Hellholes" report.
Cook County was on the group's watch list the last two years, and was given the "judicial hellhole" distinction between 2005 and 2011. ATRA uses its annual reports, which are routinely discounted by trial lawyers as being distorted, as a way to rank the fairness of the nation's civil court jurisdictions.
But Cook County was absent in ATRA's 2014 report, which was released Tuesday and ranks New York City's asbestos docket as the No. 1 "judicial hellhole," followed by California, West Virgina's Supreme Court, Florida's Supreme Court, Madison County, Ill., Missouri's Supreme Court and Louisiana.
ATRA spokesman Darren McKinney said issues still exist in Cook County, but relative to what is happening in courts across the country, the group "could not in good conscious light Cook County up as a 'hellhole' or put it on the watch list."
"No one should read the report and say, 'Oh, Cook County must have a wonderful balance of civil justice now" that it is not mentioned, McKinney said. "No one should think it's been reformed."
Chicago attorney John D. Cooney, as president of the Illinois Trial Lawyers Association (ILTA), discounted the report, calling it “intentionally distorted and deceptively titled.”
“Illinois courts are fair and they provide an avenue for victims of wrongdoing to hold perpetrators accountable," Cooney said in a statement. "Our legal system serves as a powerful deterrent against corporate misconduct, and that’s precisely why ATRA is so determined to shut down the ability of individuals to seek justice from the courts. ATRA’s funders do not truly fear frivolous lawsuits; they know our justice system screens out the very few suits that are without merit long before they get to trial.”
The Legal Newsline story below provides a full break down of ATRA's 2014 report.
No. 1: New York City Asbestos Litigation
Recent developments in New York City’s asbestos docket have caused it to be declared the No. 1 "judicial hellhole" in ATRA's report.
In 2013, New York City placed third, but this year the New York City Asbestos Litigation (NYCAL) claimed the top spot.
“The (NYCAL) docket has been transformed from a challenging jurisdiction for defendants to a patently unfair one,” the report says while mentioning four verdicts between $7 million and $25 million in the past year.
“Recent decisions by the court may cause these verdict levels to climb even higher in 2015.”
In April, Judge Sherry Heitler entered an order that allows punitive damages in NYCAL cases for the first time since 1996. Defendants have requested a stay of the order in order to reargue the issue.
The motion preceding Heitler’s order was filed by prominent plaintiffs firm Weitz & Luxenberg. It argued that prohibiting plaintiffs from seeking punitive damages was unethical, unconstitutional and preventing defendants from engaging in settlement discussions.
“Judge Heitler’s decision to reintroduce punitive damages has significant consequences for defendants and insurers in NYCAL cases,” the report says. “Defendants that choose to exercise their right to a jury trial.”
Defendants are arguing that Heitler’s decision has created “chaos and confusion.”
Plaintiffs attorneys, though, claim Heitler’s order simply overturned a deferral that was never intended to be permanent.
“Tort plaintiffs, including those in New York, have long possessed a well-settled right to the punitive damages cause of action,” Alani Golanski of Weitz & Luxenberg wrote.
ATRA also takes issue with the process of consolidating asbestos claims for trial. NYCAL’s “highly permissive approach” to consolidation is in contrast with other courts, the report says.
“Troubling developments in NYCAL in 2014 have served to make an already plaintiff-friendly court inarguably so,” ATRA President Tiger Joyce said.
ATRA's other gripes with NYCAL are:
-Holding an equipment manufacturer has a legal duty to warn for every asbestos-containing product that could have had a foreseeable use with the equipment it makes;
-Exploitation of a deep pocket liability imposed on minimally at-fault defendants that are found to have acted with reckless disregard for the safety of others;
-The business practices of plaintiffs attorneys; and
-A decision by Heitler that requires a defendant to establish its non-liability in cases brought by plaintiffs who do not know for certain if they worked with the defendant’s product.
No. 2: California
Last year’s No. 1 "judicial hellhole" dropped a spot in 2014. ATRA’s latest report focused on two cases brought by government agencies.
The first is the long-running case against the former manufacturers of lead paint that resulted in a $1.15 billion verdict that has been appealed.
The other is a new case brought by the counties of Santa Clara and Orange against the makers of prescription painkillers. In both cases, private firms have been hired on contingency fees and are pursuing public nuisance claims.
“Sometimes there are big problems that warrant government intervention,” Santa Clara Assistant County Counsel Danny Chou told Legal Newsline earlier this year.
“In those situations, oftentimes there is no one else who can do it. Local government entities fill an important role in that… and also, it’s part of their duty to act on behalf of their citizens and to identify issues that are facing them.”
No. 3: West Virginia Supreme Court
The annual report had previously included all of West Virginia as a "judicial hellhole," but only the state Supreme Court is mentioned this year for a series of pro-plaintiffs rulings that ATRA disagrees with.
Tops on the list was a late 2013 ruling in a case that changed premises liability law, abolishing the open and obvious danger doctrine.
No. 4: Florida Supreme Court
ATRA has a similar disapproval of decisions made by the Florida Supreme Court. One such decision struck down a cap on non-economic damages in medical liability cases.
The court did so by declaring that the legislation could not have been intended to help with a malpractice insurance crisis in the state because no such crisis existed.
“The Florida Supreme Court’s McCall decision provides a law casebook example of the judiciary stepping outside of its role as an arbiter of individual disputes and intruding into the policymaking role of the legislative and executive branches of government,” the report says.
No. 5: Madison County, Ill.
The asbestos docket in Madison County has long been a target of ATRA. The court invites out-of-state claims and is the largest docket in a state court in the country.
Also noted is a class action lawsuit against Philip Morris over its light cigarettes that once resulted in a $10.1 billion verdict.
Over the years, appeals have kept the case alive. In April, the Fifth District reinstated the verdict, which has now been appealed to the state Supreme Court.
Plaintiffs attorneys fueled an effort against Justice Lloyd Karmeier in his retention election in November. Karmeier was in the majority in 2005 when the court ruled against the plaintiffs in the case.
No. 6: Missouri Supreme Court
Missouri’s high court struck down a limit on punitive damages in September, while in the process permitting an excessive award, ATRA says. The punitive damages award was $1 million, while the actual damages were $25,000.
ATRA is also critical of the state’s plan for appointing judges, in which a seven-member commission appoint appellate judges. ATRA is upset that two of the three lawyer spots on the commission are taken by personal injury lawyers.
No. 7: Louisiana
Louisiana dropped from the No. 2 spot to No. 7, but ATRA says there are still problems, including federal and state litigation that targets energy producers like BP.
It calls the litigation that followed the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill a “shameless feeding frenzy.”
The rest of the report
ATRA slotted Atlantic County, N.J., the Mississippi Delta, Montana, Nevada, Newport News, Va., and Philadelphia on its watch list.
Included in the Points of Light section was Bankruptcy Judge George Hodges January ruling that estimated Garlock Sealing Technologies’ asbestos liability at $125 million – roughly $1 billion less than what plaintiffs attorneys hoped for.
Hodges found that plaintiffs attorneys had manipulated their clients’ exposure evidence through the years in order to maximize recovery against Garlock.
Legal Newsline won a court battle to have the evidence submitted by Garlock unsealed. The evidence has not been unsealed yet.